BEETHOVEN THE DRAMATIST
Trained to be the next Mozart, it was expected that Beethoven would carry on in his operatic tradition, but he only finished Fidelio during his lifetime. As an adolescent, he was literary and constantly looking for suitable texts to set to music. He knew Shakespeare thoroughly and a heavily marked edition of his plays was found at his death. Mozart’s “Magic Flute” was his favorite opera, and as a student of Neefe-a master of the Illuminati lodge (a wing of the Masonic order) in Bonn- he would have been educated in the art of imbedding messages through music. This practice of musical ‘text painting’ was a well-established tradition and audiences were accustomed to speculating about the ideas inspiring the music. Although friends confirmed Beethoven’s mention of specific parallels to scenes from Shakespeare, he preferred to leave interpretation up to the individual listeners. The ghost scene from Macbeth reputedly inspired the “Ghost” trio title (which he also sketched for an opera). Apart from these few cases of named works, it is clear that Beethoven’s chamber music was inspired by highbrow and lowbrow literature and dramatic texts as well as personal stories from his life and friendships. It is also clear that Beethoven preferred to keep these references private.
7 Variations on "Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen"
from Mozart’s “Magic Flute” for cello and piano WoO 46 (1801)
Violin Sonata No.3, Op.12 No.3 (1798)
Allegro con spirito
Adagio con molto espressione
Allegretto, WoO 39 for Piano Trio (1812)
Violin Sonata No.4, Op.23 (1801)
Andante scherzoso, più Allegretto
Piano Trio in D major, Op.70 No.1 “Ghost” (1808)
Allegro vivace e con brio
Largo assai ed espressivo
Özgecan Günöz, violin
Çağlayan Çetin cello
Özgür Ünaldı, piano
Photo by © Ulrike von Loeper.
Özgecan Günöz, violin
Özgecan Günöz was born in Izmir in 1986. She studied violin with Prof. Cengiz Özkök and Prof. Reyyan Yücelen Başaran at Hacettepe University State Conservatory. She continued her education with Kartal Akıncı at Dokuz Eylül University State Conservatory and graduated in 2005. Günöz-Kızılay received the "first prize in the Egean Region" and "Jury special prize" in a violin contest which was organized by Lions Club in 2000. In 2004, she won a third prize in a string contest which was organized by YAMAHA and Dokuz Eylül University State Conservatory. In 2006, Günöz-Kızılay pursued her study with David Salness at Maryland University in the US. In 2007, she continued her master′s degree aith Cenyamin Warsahvski at Istanbul University State Conservatory. Günöz has participated in several youth orchestras such as Bremen International Youth Orhestra and Anatolia Youth Orchestra. She has given many concerts and has attended festivals and workshops in various countries. She performed as a soloist with the Presidential symphony orchestra, Istanbul Chamber Orchestra, Izmir State Symphony Orchestra, Dokuz Eylül University Symphony Orcehstra, Bordum Chamber Orcehstra, D.E.U. Conservatory Orchestra, and Eskişehir Municipality Orcehstra. Günöz-Kızılay currently lives and works in Istanbul.
Çağlayan Çetin, cello
Çağlayan Çetin was born in Edirne in 1985. He started his cello studies at the State Conservatory of Trakya University. In 1999 he was accepted at Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University State Conservatory and studied cello with Prof. Reşit Erzin. After graduating from the conservatory in 2006, he pursued his Master′s Degree in cello at the same university and completed it in 2009.
From 2004 to 2006 Çetin was invited to the Pergine Spettacolo Aperto (PSA) in Italy, one of the most famous festivals in Europe; and he gave many concerts as a soloist with the PSA Orchestra. He has performed as a cello section leader in many orchestras including the Istanbul State Symphony Orchestra, the Şişli Symphony Orchestra, the Cemal Reşit Rey Symphony Orchestra, the Philharmonic Istanbul, the Istanbul Chamber Orchestra and the Orchestra Istanbul. Çetin has also performed as a soloist in many concerts with various orchestras such as the Pergine Spettacolo Aperto Youth Orchestra, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University State Conservatory Youth Orchestra, TUSC Symphony Orchestra, Istanbul State Symphony Orchestra, Bakırköy Chamber Orchestra and Orchestra′Sion. Since 2005 Çetin has performed with the musical theatre called "Ashura" at many theatres, concert halls and festivals in Germany, Nederland, Sweden, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, France and Turkey. In 2012-2014 Çetin taught cello at the State Conservatory of Kocaeli University. He currently continues his studies with Prof. Reşit Erzin and performs as a soloist as well as a member of Trio Libero and Diskant Ensemble Istanbul. He also performs as a cello section leader in the Istanbul State Opera and Ballet Orchestra, Bakırköy Chamber Orchestra and Orkestra′Sion. He teaches cello at the El Sistema in Turkey.
Özgür Ünaldı, piano
Described as “...the most sensitive duo pianist” by Turkey’s leading classical music magazine “Andante”, Özkan has appeared in numerous concerts in USA and in his native Turkey. As a chamber musician and collaborative pianist Mr. Özkan has a significant repertoire and knowledge in instrumental and vocal music. Some of Mr. Özkan’s performance venues include New York City’s Alice Tully Hall and The Juilliard School’s Paul and Morse Halls. As an orchestral pianist, Çağdaş Özkan has appeared as a member of the Juilliard Orchestra in John Adams’ “City Noir” in its New York premiere in Carnegie Hall. As a demanded studio pianist, Mr. Özkan worked closely with the faculty of the Juilliard School such as Naoko Tanaka, Stephen Clapp, Ronald Copes and Robert C. White. Mr. Özkan has also participated in summer festivals such as Aspen Music Festival and Music Academy of the West as a Collaborative Piano Fellow. A graduate of The Juilliard School, Mr. Özkan is a recipient of American Turkish Society’s “Ahmet Ertegün Scholarship”, “Borusan Music Scholarship” and “Mitzi Scholarship”. He holds a masters degree from The Juilliard School in Collaborative Piano and bachelor of music from Bilkent University, Turkey. His principal teachers include Jonathan Feldman, Margo Garrett, Zarema Safarova and Prof. Ersin Onay.